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MongoDB Command to Find the Size of a Single Document and the Size of a Collection of Documents

This post will show you how to find the size of a document and a collection of documents using the mongo shell, namely enron.json (a collection of emails).

Let’s cover some ground by examining the database that contains the email records by running the following command.

> show dbs

Output:

admin   0.000GB

config  0.000GB

enron   0.011GB

local   0.000GB

Amongst the different databases that are shown above, we are only interested in enron. In the next step, we will try to get more information on the enron database so that we can access its collections and documents to get their sizes.

To do that, we will run the > use enron command to start using the enron database.

> use enron

Output:

switched to db enron

Now, let’ see what collections exist in the enron database by running the command below.

> show collections

Output:

emails

The output above tells us that emails is a collection in enron.

With this information, we can proceed to find the size of a single document in emails and the size of the entire emails collections.

MongoDB Command to Find the Size of a Single Document

> Object.bsonsize(db.emails.findOne())

Output:

4634

MongoDB Command to Find the Size of a Collection of Documents

We find the total size of the emails collection by running the command below.

> db. emails.totalSize() 

Output:

11833344

The returned value of totalSize() is the “total size in bytes of the data in the collection plus the size of every index on the collection” (MongoDB Manual).

“The value returned is the sum of db.collection.storageSize() and db.collection.totalIndexSize() in bytes” (MongoDB Manual).

Alternatively, we can get the size of the data in emails using the following command:

> db.emails.dataSize()

Output:
11833344

Or.

> db.emails.stats()

Partial output:

{

"ns" : "enron.emails",

"size" : 15583945,

"count" : 5929,

"avgObjSize" : 2628,

"storageSize" : 11763712,

References

https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/method/db.collection.totalSize/